Article 3 - Tickets


(a) Ticket as  Prima Facie Evidence of Contract 
The Ticket is prima facie evidence of the contract of carriage between Carrier and the Passenger named on the Ticket.  The Conditions of Contract contained in the Ticket are a summary of some of the provisions  of these Conditions of Carriage. Purchase of a Ticket does not guarantee carriage by the Carrier. 
The Ticket is and remains at all times the property of the issuing carrier. 

(b)  Requirement for Ticket 
A person shall not be entitled to be carried on a flight unless that person presents  a valid Ticket duly issued in accordance with Carrier's Conditions of Carriage and tariffs and containing the Flight Coupon for that flight and all other unused Flight Coupons and the Passenger Coupon. 

(c)   Loss, Mutilation or Non-Presentation of Ticket 
In case of loss or mutilation or inability to present a Ticket, or part thereof, or non-presentation of a Ticket containing  the Passenger Coupon and all unused Flight Coupons,  the Carrier may at the Passenger's request replace such Ticket or part thereof by issuing a new Ticket on receipt of proof satisfactory  to Carrier that  a Ticket valid for  the flights in question was duly issued to such Passenger and provided  that the Passenger undertakes in such form as may be prescribed by Carrier to pay to Carrier the fare  applicable to the new Ticket in the event, and to the extent that the lost, mutilated or missing ticket and/or flight coupons are used by any person,  or that refund in respect thereof is made to another person. 

(d)   Ticket Not Transferable 
A Ticket is not transferable.  If a Ticket is presented for carriage by someone other than the person entitled to be carried thereunder or for a refund, Carrier shall  not be liable to the person so entitled if in good faith it provides carriage or makes a refund to the person presenting the Ticket. 


(a)  Period of Validity 

Except as otherwise provided in the Ticket, these conditions or Carrier's Tariffs, a Ticket is valid for carriage for one (1) year  from the date of commencement  of flight  or if no portion of the Ticket is used,  from   the date of issue thereof.  A Ticket issued at other than normal fare or under certain restrictions is valid for carriage or for refund only as may be provided for in the conditions prescribed in the Ticket or Carrier's Tariffs. 

Subject to the foregoing exceptions, a Domestic Ticket is valid for one (1) year from the date of issuance thereof. 

(b)   Extension of Validity 

If a Passenger is prevented from traveling within the period of validity of the Ticket because Carrier: 

      (1)   cancels the flight on which the Passenger holds a confirmed reservation; 

      (2)  omits a scheduled stop, being the Passenger's place of departure, place of destination or a stopover; 

      (3) fails to operate a flight reasonably according to schedule; 

      (4)   causes the Passenger to miss a connection; 

      (5)   substitutes a different class of service; 

      (6)   is unable to provide previously confirmed space; or 

     (7) is unable to provide space at the time the Passenger requests reservation. 

The validity of such Passenger's Ticket will be extended  until Carrier's first flight on which space is available  in the class of service for which the fare has been paid. 

(c)   Illness of Passenger 
When a Passenger after having commenced his or her journey is prevented from traveling within the period of validity of the Ticket by reason of illness, Carrier will extend (provided, such extension is not precluded by Carrier's  Tariffs applicable  to the fare paid by the Passenger) the period of validity of such Passenger's Ticket  until Carrier's first flight after the date when the Passenger becomes fit  to travel according to a medical certificate, from the point where the journey is resumed on which space is available in the class of service for which the fare has been paid, provided, however that, when the Flight Coupons remaining in the Ticket involve  one or more Stopovers, the validity of such Ticket, subject to Carrier's Tariffs, will be extended for  three (3) months from the date shown on aforesaid certificate. 

In such circumstances, Carrier will extend similarly the period of validity of the Tickets of other members of the  Passenger's immediate family accompanying the Passenger. 

(d)   Death of Passenger and/or Immediate Member of Family

In the event of death of a Passenger en route, the validity of the Tickets of the immediate members of the family accompanying the Passenger may be extended.  In the event  of a death in the immediate family of a Passenger who has commenced travel, the validity of the Passenger's Ticket  and those of his  or her immediate family accompanying the Passenger may be likewise extended. 

Any such extension of validity shall be made upon receipt of a proper death certificate and shall not be for a period longer than forty-five (45) days from the date of the death. 

Sec.  3.   FLIGHT COUPON SEQUENCE  (Not Applicable to Domestic Travel) 

(a)  Carrier will honor Flight Coupons only in sequence from the place of departure as shown on the Ticket. 

(b)   Carrier may refuse to honor  the Passenger's Ticket if the first Flight Coupon for international travel has not been used and the Passenger commences his or her journey at any stopover or agreed stopping place. 

(c)  Each  Flight Coupon will be accepted for carriage in the class of service specified therein on the date and flight for which accommodation has been reserved.  When Flight Coupons  are  issued without a reservation being specified thereon, space will be reserved on application subject to the condition of the relevant fare and the availability of space on the flight applied for. 


Carrier's name may be abbreviated in the Ticket. Carrier's  address shall be deemed to be the airport of departure shown opposite  the first abbreviation of Carrier's name in the "Carrier" box in the Ticket.   However, this shall not necessarily be taken to be the place where the Carrier is domiciled or ordinarily resident for purposes of the Convention.